India has seen a marked change in spectrum policy over the past decade from a legacy administrative regime to a more market oriented one wherein it has adopted auctions in the primary market, trading in the secondary market and has liberalised spectrum to make it technology and service neutral. It has faced numerous challenges, constraints, and legacy issues in its transition, thus providing a rich context for analysis. Using the case study of India, we developed a framework that highlights the various dimensions to be considered while migrating from an administrative to a market regime for spectrum management. The framework also helps to assess the current orientation of a spectrum policy regime and provides a direction for adopting a higher market orientation. We used the framework in the Indian context to show that while India had adopted market mechanisms, it had a low level of market orientation.
Researchers :- Rekha Jain and Rishabh Dara
Affiliation of Researchers :- IIMA
Publication Details :- Journal of Telecommunications Policy, 41, 473–485
The present work explores accumulation of technological capabilities among telecom start-ups in India engaged in the development of innovative new products. This paper weaves together literature on RBV, innovation, bricolage, technological learning and technological capability to further our understanding of technological capability among the start-ups, in a high-tech and knowledge intensive setting. Drawing on rich data collected from multiple case studies, we conceptualise differing degree of innovation (creation, modification and extension) as possible manifestation of varying levels of technological capability. Our work proposes a process model for the evolution of technological capability as a result of complex interplay between existing knowledge, two complementary stages of bricolage, and new knowledge acquisition through differing modes of technological learning. The paper further identifies explorative learning, gap focused learning and market focused learning as the three dominant learning mechanisms and also highlights differences in capabilities among the start-ups and established firms.
Researchers :- Mr Prageet Aeron and Prof Rekha Jain
Affiliation of Researchers :- MDI Gurgaon and IIMA
Publication Details :- International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 7(4), 336-360
Recognizing that national competitiveness depends on the availability and quality of national Information and Communication Technology networks that support higher education (HE) and research, many countries have developed such infrastructure for their publicly funded HE and research institutes. The National Knowledge Network (NKN), India set up in 2009-10, and the Joint Academic Network (JANET), UK set up in 1984 are examples. These national knowledge networks are embedded within the larger context of HE and research institutions and ICT infrastructure in the country. For an emerging economy like India, effectiveness of NKN is important as resource availability for investment in such a network has to compete with other developmental priorities.
A Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) was set up in 1993 with the objective of overseeing ICT in HE and research and managing JANET. In comparison to JANET, set up in 1984, NKN set up in 2009-10 is still at an early stage. However, it is an opportune time to review its effectiveness as it has a huge potential for all educational and research organizations in India. The evolution of JANET/JISC, not only in terms of the technical capability, but also its organizational form would be of importance to researchers and policy makers in India to formulate the implications for NKN.
Towards this end, in this study we develop a framework for analysing elements that have contributed JANET/JISC to support HE and research. These include rationale, objectives, organizational structure and processes, funding, pricing, outcomes and review mechanisms. We also aim to suggest possible learning from this for NKN. This would have implications for other countries planning similar infrastructure.
Researchers :- Prof Rekha Jain and Prof Manjari Singh